What is the Weather in Makkah?


Makkah, a sacred city nestled in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula, holds immense spiritual significance for millions of Muslims around the world. As the birthplace of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the site of the Kaaba, it serves as the focal point of the annual Hajj pilgrimage. Beyond its spiritual importance, Makkah also attracts visitors with its unique climate and geographical beauty. In this article, we’ll explore the weather in Makkah, providing essential information to help travelers plan their visit wisely.

Understanding Makkah’s Climate

Makkah experiences a desert climate, characterized by scorching summers and mild winters. This arid climate is a result of the city’s geographical location, surrounded by the vast Arabian Desert. The temperature in Makkah can reach sweltering heights during the day, while the nights tend to be more refreshing.

Summer in Makkah

Summer in Makkah lasts from June to September, with July and August being the hottest months. Daytime temperatures can soar above 40°C (104°F), making it essential to stay hydrated and seek shade when outdoors. If you plan to visit Makkah during this period, lightweight and breathable clothing is recommended.

Winter in Makkah

Winter, spanning from December to February, brings a mild and more pleasant climate to Makkah. Temperatures during this time range between 18°C to 25°C (64°F to 77°F) during the day and drop slightly at night. It’s advisable to carry a light jacket or shawl to stay comfortable during the cooler evenings.

Seasons in Makkah

Makkah experiences two distinct seasons: summer and winter, with relatively short transitional periods in between.

Summer Season

The summer season, as mentioned earlier, is characterized by intense heat and a dry climate. Tourists often prefer visiting Makkah during the winter season when the weather is more pleasant and accommodating.

Winter Season

The winter season is much milder and provides respite from the scorching heat of summer. It is the preferred time for many travelers to perform their Umrah or Hajj pilgrimage due to the more comfortable climate.

Best Time to Visit Makkah

The best time to visit Makkah largely depends on your tolerance for extreme temperatures and the purpose of your visit.

Every year, millions of devout Muslims from Pakistan embark on the sacred pilgrimage of Hajj. This spiritual journey to Mecca holds immense significance in Islam, symbolizing unity, humility, and faith. The pilgrims perform a series of rituals, seeking forgiveness and closeness to Allah. Hajj from Pakistan is a testament to the country’s religious diversity and cultural richness, as people from all walks of life come together to fulfill this profound religious obligation.

Pilgrimage Seasons

For those undertaking the Hajj pilgrimage, the annual Islamic pilgrimage that takes place in the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah, planning the trip during this specific period is crucial. The Hajj occurs once a year, and the dates change in accordance with the Islamic lunar calendar.

Umrah Seasons

The Umrah pilgrimage, which is less obligatory but equally important for Muslims, can be performed at any time of the year except during the Hajj season. Many visitors prefer to undertake Umrah during the winter months when the weather is more moderate.

General Tourist Seasons

For general tourists and travelers, the best time to visit Makkah is during the winter season (December to February) when the weather is more pleasant. However, it’s essential to check for any significant Islamic holidays or festivals that may attract a higher number of visitors during specific periods.

Packing Tips

Regardless of the time of year, certain packing tips are essential when traveling to Makkah.


Lightweight, loose-fitting clothing made of breathable fabrics is ideal for the hot summers. For winter, bring layered clothing to adapt to the fluctuating temperatures.

Sun Protection

Sunscreen, sunglasses, and a wide-brimmed hat are essential to protect yourself from the intense sun rays, particularly during the scorching summer months.

Comfortable Footwear

Comfortable walking shoes are a must, as you’ll be exploring various religious sites, including Masjid al-Haram and the Kaaba.

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Makkah’s weather plays a significant role in influencing the best time to visit the holy city. Understanding the climate and the seasons allows travelers to plan their trip accordingly, ensuring a comfortable and memorable experience. Whether you embark on a pilgrimage or wish to explore the city’s rich cultural heritage, Makkah has something remarkable to offer in every season.

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